History of Castillo de Jumilla Spain

Jumilla Spain! A place of fine wine, amazing people and fantastic scenery. Surrounded by mountains and wine vineyards, I couldn't help how amazingly beautiful this little town was, and the one thing that stuck out the most was Castillo de Jumilla (The Castle of Jumilla) randomly sitting on top of a hill for all to see.

Castle of Jumilla

Castillo de Jumilla

Before the Castle

The first fortifications built dated back from the Bronze Age (between 2000 and 1000BC) and then fortified by the Romans in 190BC, whose defensive wall still stands today. After the Romans left the fortification, the Iberians Peninsula took over the settlement which then fell into ruins.

Conquered by the Muslims in 713 who entered Jumilla as they travelled across Spain, and built a fortress called Yumilla on top of the ancient Roman and Iberian remains.

History of Castle of Jumilla

Throughout time the castle swapped and changed, conquered and reconquered until 1462 when it rebuilt by Juan Pacheco The Marquis of Villena, into the fortress that stands today.

In 1707 during the War of the Spanish SuccessionCardinal Luis Antonio Belluga used Castle of Jumilla to gather his soldiers to fight for the cause of the House Borbon in the *Battle of Almansa.

During the War of Independence (Peninsular War) in 1808–14, where the French were opposed by the British, Spanish, and Portuguese forces the castle was used by French troops as a barracks. Then later used as a prison, following this the castle condition declined and later abandoned.

In 1971 towards the end Francisco Franco  (d 1975) dictatorship, work began to restore the castle to its former glory and with final restoration, and refurbishments. Competed in 2000 and opened up to the public so visitors can learn and enjoy this magnificent castle on top of a hill in Jumilla Spain.

Visiting the Castle

The Climb up the hill

The uphill walk to the castle felt never-ending, the higher you got, the steeper the path became. Fortunately, the view surrounding the castle was worth every step and taking rests while watching the sunset settling down on the little town of Jumilla.

Castillo de Jumilla - Uphill Walk

Castillo de Jumilla - Uphill Walk photo shot at the halfway point to the castle. I remember feeling parts in my legs that I didn't know existed, and going down wasn't any easier.

Reaching the Castle

Once at the top of the hill, there was a beautiful view of the sunset settling over Jumilla. The town is surrounded by mountains, and there was nothing more beautiful than watching Jumilla slowly drift into the night.


Unfortunately, the castle closed by the time we got there, and couldn't see the inside but the surrounding view made the walk up worthwhile.

Castle of Jumilla Front
Back of Castle of Jumila

*The Battle of Almansa is probably the only battle in history in which the English forces were commanded by a Frenchman, the French by an Englishman.


A Hill Above Jumilla photo shot on the opposite side of Jumilla near a Monastery called Santa Ana del Monte.

A Hill Above Jumilla (ISO 100; f14; 1/40sec)

A Hill Above Jumilla (ISO 100; f14; 1/40sec)

The problem I find with landscape photography is needing a subject to focus on. Either has a photo with no-point-of-focus, and nothing catches your eyes or a picture with so much going on that you can't focus on anything it becomes noisy and busy.

This photo was busy, and there wasn't a point of focus, do I look at the town or the castle in the background? I got a headache looking at it. I managed to get a balance I wanted to have the main focus on the castle, by softening the main photo by enhancing the castle, achieving my goal.

I would like to hear your opinion in the comments.

A Castle in the Mountain (ISO 100; f/14; 1/85sec)

A Castle in the Mountain (ISO 100; f/14; 1/85sec)

A Castle in the Mountain shot in the same location as A Hill Above Jumilla.

A Hill Above Jumilla and A Castle in the Mountains is available for print. Click on the photos for more information or visit www.dcreations.co.uk for more of my work.

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